Ecuador, much like many Latin-American countries, was characterized by having raw material-export-led economies subject to booms determined by international demand. Ecuador’s economic history has thus been circular as a result of it repeatedly relying on various raw materials.
In this encyclical, Pope Francis, in addition to giving a historical account of the chief point of interest of various pontiffs concerning the environment since Pope Paul VI (over 50 years ago), clearly reminds us that planet Earth must be thought of and treated as “our common home… like a sister with whom we share our life”.
When considering the development of the local level, the existence of a number of exclusions, inequities and inequalities affecting both men and women on the grounds of ethnicity, gender or social standing must be acknowledged. This is a result of ethnicity, gender or social standing. Any development program undertaken in local territories must consider the existence thereof and fight them.
Ecuador is a country where oil accounts for 17% of GDP and 55% of all exports, and which has entered a new extractionist era with the imminent launch of major mining projects.
From a historical perspective, in Ecuador, as in many countries of the región, the results of this extractionist model have been catastrophic —the expectations of growth, industrialization, modernization, and poverty and inequality reduction have not been met.
PROPOSAL OF A CRUDE WATER TAX FOR ECUADOR: A STRATEGY FOR LONG-TERM ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
The purpose of this essay is to collate the most significant components of a proposal for the implementation of a raw water fee1 in Ecuador, which is currently being developed by the Ministry of Water (SENAGUA for its acronym in Spanish), and is sponsored by the Biodiversity Finance Initiative (BIOFIN) of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
Ecuador is a megadiverse country. Its biological wealth is not limited solely to the diversity of wild species and ecosystems as at least two centers of origins of crops are located here: the Andean center and the Amazon center. This means that in what is now considered our country, peoples planted, domesticated, preserved and reproduced various types of crops and productive systems, many of which are still in existence today.